The President of the Court represents the court and judges, ensures the effective functioning of the court, and consequently the increase of services to society, as well as exercises judicial activities as a judge.
The administrative bodies and administrative management of the court have several levels:
- the President of the Court and the Vice-President;
- The Council of the Court established and functioning in each court;
- Chancellor of the Court;
- General Assembly of the Court.
The President of the Supreme Court is elected by the general assembly of the court for a period of three years without the right of re-election. The mandate of the President of the Court is three years, with the right of reelection only once. The assessment of the activity of the president of a court is carried out based on these criteria: a) managerial and organizational skills; b) communication skills.
The court president is elected by the HJC and has the responsibility for the overall judicial management and exercises the following duties regarding the standards of interaction, cooperation and coordination with non-judicial staff:
- take care of the organization and functioning of judicial administration in court regarding non-judicial activities through the Chancellor;
- summon, prepare and chair the general assembly s of judges and the Court Council;
- provide guidance and supervision to the Chancellor;
- verify complaints, investigate disciplinary violations and propose the initiation of disciplinary proceedings on the Chancellor;
- carry out actions and make decisions related to the status of civil servants in the judiciary;
- Ensure the implementation of decisions of the High Judicial Council, in particular with regard to measures aimed at increasing the efficiency and quality of judicial services;
- Ensure access to and method of using the case management system in accordance with the overall national policy in the field of information technology and security and the rules adopted by the High Judicial Council.
The vice president of the court exercises the president’s powers in his/her absence. He/she is elected by the general assembly of judges for a three-year term without the right of reelection.
The Court Council consists of three members: a) the court president, who acts as chairman of the Court Council; b) the vice president of the court; c) the court chancellor. The council has the following authority: a) Approve job descriptions for all categories of civil servants and court employees, according to the model approved by the High Judicial Council, and in special cases adapts them to the court needs and job criteria; b) make decisions regarding the status of civil servants as provided for in this Law; c) approve the structure and organization of the court administration, according to the model approved by the High Judicial Council, and in special cases it adapts it to the needs of the court and the abilities of the persons in office; ç) approve the structure of the court and assign judges to sections and trial panels after receiving the opinion of the general assembly of judges, following the general rules adopted by the High Judicial Council; d) review complaints relating to court infrastructure matters, ancillary services in court, and other matters not related to the exercise of judicial administration duties and report to the High Judicial Council on complaints and measures taken in accordance with the rules adopted by the High Judicial Council; f) evaluate and examine the draft budget prepared by the finance officer 15 days before submission to the High Judicial Council; e) Provide information, opinions or reports requested by state institutions in compliance with the law; h) cooperate with the School of Magistrates and the High Judicial Council on issues related to the initial and continuous training of judges and civil servants; f) Organize regular meetings with court users to increase the efficiency and quality of justice; g) approve special rules of the court on matters of court safety and security.
The Chancellor is appointed by the HJC and is the body responsible for managing the judicial administration, with a series of important authorities.
Judicial administration accomplishes its mission through the following services: a) judicial services which directly support judicial activities, including documentation and activities carried out by legal advisors and assistants, the chief secretary and judicial secretaries; b) administrative services, including finance and budgeting, foreign relations and public relations, information technology, judicial archives, security and human resources; c) support services which in particular ensure the provision of notification services; assisting the trial panel and chair of the hearing, as well as any other activity related to the proper order and conduct during the court session, the transportation services, the maintenance of court premises.
The activity of the civil judicial service is based on the principles of equal opportunities, non-discrimination, transparency, professionalism, integrity, accountability and is oriented towards efficient services which are accessible to all