The Albanian judiciary is widely perceived as corrupt by the public opinion and other observers, both domestic and foreign. In a survey from 2009 entitled “Corruption in Albania: Perceptions and Experiences”, the Institute for Development Research and Alternatives found that Albanians believed that the outcome of trials is mostly influenced by financial interests, business connections, personal acquaintances of judges and political considerations. Furthermore, in 2012 the Center for Transparence and the Free Information conducted a survey with 58% of the total number of judges, 25% of which believed that the justice system is corrupt, while 58% believed that the system was perceived as corrupted. It seems reasonable to believe that these perceptions have a real basis, while a large number of judges themselves believe them.
On the other hand, perception of corruption is determined by certain objective factors such as excessive length of proceeding, delays in the reasoning of decisions, the poor quality of the judicial service, unfriendly behavior by judges and court administration, lack of transparency and effective communication between the courts and the users of their services, informal contacts between the judges and the parties, judges’ unjustified lifestyle etc. Despite regular measurement of public perception for judicial corruption, there
are no specific forms of studies for the underlying factors of corruption in Albania. The proposed Action promises to fill this gap.